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91/414/EEC directive on plant protection products

Plant Protection Products (PPPs) are regulated by the Council Directive 91/414/EEC concerning the placing of plant protection products on the market lays down rules and procedures for approval of the active substances at EU-level and for the authorisation at Member State level of plant protection products (PPPs) containing these substances. This Directive states that substances cannot be used in plant protection products unless they are included in a positive EU list. Once a substance is included in the positive list Member States may authorise the use of products containing them.

Pesticides residues in food are regulated by Regulation (EC) No 396/2005. The legislation covers the setting, monitoring and control of pesticides residues in products of plant and animal origin that may arise from their use in plant protection.

Both Directive 91/414 on the placing on the market of plant protection products and Regulation 396/2005 on pesticide residues in food and feed aim at a high level of protection of human health and the environment.

Source: http://ec.europa.eu/food/plant/protection/index_en.htm

98/8/EC, biocidal products, placing on market

directive 98/8/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 february 1998, concerning the placing of biocidal products on the market.

Biocidal products are active substances and preparations containing one or more active substances, put up in the form in which they are supplied to the user, intended to destroy, deter, render harmless, prevent the action of, or otherwise exert a controlling effect on any harmful organism by chemical or biological means.

Harmful is an organism which has an unwanted presence or a detrimental effect for humans, their activities or the products they use or produce, or for animals or for the environment.

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1451/2007 of 4 December 2007 on the second phase of the 10-year work programme referred to in Article 16(2) of Directive 98/8/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning the placing of biocidal products on the market. Pursuant to Directive 98/8/EC, Member States may only authorise the placing on the market of biocidal products containing active substances included in Annex I, to that Directive.

Biocidal products containing active substances listed in Annex II to the Regulation 1451/2007 for which a decision was taken not to include these active substances for certain or all of their notified product types in Annex I (or IA) to Directive
98/8/EC, shall no longer be placed on the market.

Annex I and Annex II list can be find in: http://ecb.jrc.ec.europa.eu/legislation/2007R1451EC.pdf

Sourcec: http://ecb.jrc.ec.europa.eu/legislation/1998L0008EC.pdf, and